Evaluation of Semen Quality in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Sudanese Patients Compared to Non-Diabetic Subjects

Negwan E. Ibrahim1, Mohammed Rida2, AbdElkarim A. Abdrabo1, *
1 Department of Clinical Chemistry, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Science, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum-Sudan
2 Dr.Elsir Abu-Elhassan Fertility Center, Khartoum, Sudan

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© 2018 Ibrahim et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Clinical chemistry, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Science, Al-Neelain University. Khartoum, Sudan; Tel: +249912905847; E-mail:



Diabetes leads to metabolic abnormalities. These abnormalities produce problems in a variety of organ systems such as ophthalmopathies, neuropathies, nephropathies, and vasculopathies. Infertility is common in diabetic patients, caused by abnormal semen.


This study was conducted to check semen quality in diabetic Sudanese patients.


This is a retrospective cross-sectional designed study. The data were collected in a period from January 2015 to February 2017. A total of 600 individuals was included, 300 with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 300 apparently healthy as a non-diabetic. Semen analysis was performed according to WHO criteria.


Significant lower results were found in diabetic patients compared to non diabetic regarding the following parameters: volume of ejaculation (p = 0.047), percent motility (p = 0.001), percent normal morphology (p = 0.000), while there was no difference in the sperm count between diabetic and non-diabetic subjects.


Semen of types 2 diabetes mellitus patients is of low volume, abnormal motility and morphology compared to non-diabetic subjects.

Keywords: Diabetes, Infertility, Semen, Sudan, Vaseulopathies, Non-diabetic.